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What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels. It occurs when the body either does not produce enough insulin or does not effectively use it. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps regulate blood sugar levels by enabling cells to absorb glucose from the bloodstream.

There are three main types of diabetes:

  1. Type 1 Diabetes: An autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, leading to little or no insulin production. This type usually develops in childhood or adolescence and requires daily insulin injections to manage blood sugar levels.
  2. Type 2 Diabetes: The most common form of diabetes, where the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels. This type is often associated with obesity, poor diet, and lack of physical activity. It usually develops in adulthood and can be managed through lifestyle changes, medication, and sometimes insulin injections.
  3. Gestational Diabetes: A form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy when the body cannot produce enough insulin to handle the increased glucose levels. This type usually resolves after childbirth but increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Common symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, fatigue, and slow-healing wounds. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to severe complications such as cardiovascular disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, and vision problems.

What is diabetes?-8Diabetes

Managing diabetes involves monitoring blood sugar levels, maintaining a healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and taking medications or insulin as prescribed by a healthcare provider.

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